Suzuki Liana since 2002
1. Operation and maintenance of the car
2. Engine
2.1. Preliminary checks
2.2. Mechanical part of engines
2.2.1. General description of the engine
2.2.2. Removal and installation of the filtering element of the air filter
2.2.3. Adjustment of a cable of the drive of a butterfly valve
2.2.4. Removal and installation of a throttle branch pipe
2.2.5. Dismantling and assembly of a throttle branch pipe
2.2.6. Cleaning of a throttle branch pipe
2.2.7. Removal and installation of a throttle branch pipe and inlet collector
2.2.8. Removal and installation of a cover of a head of the block of cylinders
2.2.9. Removal and installation of the power unit
2.2.10. Removal and installation of a cover of a chain of the drive of the mechanism of gas distribution
2.2.11. Cleaning and check of a cover of a chain of the drive of the mechanism of gas distribution
2.2.12. Removal and installation of a chain of the drive of the mechanism of gas distribution and natyazhitel of a chain
2.2.13. Check of a chain of the drive of the mechanism of gas distribution and natyazhitel of a chain
2.2.14. Removal and installation of a cam-shaft, pusher of the valve and adjusting laying
2.2.15. Check of a cam-shaft, pusher of the valve and adjusting laying
2.2.16. Dismantling and assembly of a head of the block of cylinders
2.2.17. Check of valves and the directing plugs of valves
2.2.18. Check of a head of the block of cylinders
2.2.19. Check of a valvate spring
2.2.20. Removal and installation of pistons, piston rings and rods
2.2.21. Dismantling and assembly of pistons, piston rings, rods and cylinders
2.2.22. Check of cylinders, pistons and piston rings
2.2.23. Check of piston fingers and rods
2.2.24. Check of conrod necks and conrod bearings
2.2.25. Removal and installation of radical bearings, bent shaft and block of cylinders
2.2.26. Check of a bent shaft
2.2.27. Check of radical bearings
2.3. Engine cooling system
2.4. Engine lubrication system
2.5. Fuel system
2.6. System of ignition
2.7. System of release
2.8. The engine and system of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases (M13 and M16 engines)
2.9. Tables
3. Transmission
4. Running gear
5. Steering mechanism
6. Brake system
7. Onboard electric equipment
8. Body
9. Schemes of electric equipment
 






2-2-22-proverka-cilindrov-porshnejj-i-porshnevykh-kolec.html

2.2.22. Check of cylinders, pistons and piston rings

Cylinder
Check cylinder walls for existence of scratches, roughnesses or crests that indicates excessive wear. If cylinder walls uneven or have deep scratches, the cylinder demands boring to the repair size and installation of pistons of the increased diameter.

Fig. 2.137. The scheme of measurement and measurement of diameter of the cylinder in the longitudinal and cross direction of the engine: a – 50 mm; b – 95 mm


Using a nutromer 1, measure diameter of the cylinder in the longitudinal and cross direction of the engine in two provisions ("a" and "b"), as shown in the figure 2.137.
In the presence of any of the following conditions chisel the cylinder.
Diameter of the cylinder exceeds extreme value.
The difference of diameters in two provisions (see above) exceeds the admission of conicity.
The difference of diameters in the longitudinal and cross direction of the engine exceeds the admission of ovality.

Diameter of the cylinder
Nominal rate: 78,000–78,014 mm.
Extreme value: 78,114 mm.
Admission of conicity and ovality: 0,10 mm.

NOTE
In need of boring of any of four cylinders, at repair of the engine all four cylinders have to be chiseled to the same following repair size. It is necessary for uniformity and balance.

Pistons
Check the piston for existence of damages and cracks. The damaged or defective piston has to be replaced.

Fig. 2.138. Measurement of diameter of the piston


As shown in the figure 2.138, diameter of the piston has to be measured in situation "a" from the end of a skirt of the piston in the direction, perpendicular to a piston finger.

Diameter of the piston
Standard size: 77,953–77,968 mm.
The standard size (new (with a covering)): 77,969–77,984 mm.
The increased size of 0,50 mm: 78,453–78,468 mm.

Gap between the piston and the cylinder
Measure diameter of the cylinder and diameter of the piston, a difference of the specified sizes represents gap size between the piston and the cylinder. The gap between the piston and the cylinder has to be within norm. If the gap differs from norm, chisel the cylinder and use the piston of the increased repair size.

Fig. 2.139. Measurement of a gap between the piston and the cylinder



Nominal rate: 0,032–0,061 mm.
Nominal rate (the piston with a covering (new)): 0,016–0,045 mm.
Extreme value: 0,161 mm.

Gap between a piston ring and a flute

NOTE
In this case diameter of the cylinder is measured in the axial direction of the engine in two provisions.

Gap between porshnevymkoltsy and a flute
Check is made at piston flutes, pure, dry and free from a deposit.
Establish a new piston ring 1 in a piston flute and measure a gap by the probe 2.

Fig. 2.140. Measurement of a gap between a piston ring and a flute: and – 19,5 mm



If the gap – differs from norm, replace the piston.

Piston rings
To measure a gap in the lock of a piston ring, install a piston ring 1 in the cylinder, and then measure a gap by the probe 2. If the measured gap differs from norm, replace a ring.

Fig. 2.141. Measurement of a gap in the lock of a piston ring: and – 120 mm



NOTE
Remove a deposit and clear the top part of the cylinder before installation of a piston ring.

Gap in the lock of a piston ring

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2.2.21. Dismantling and assembly of pistons, piston rings, rods and cylinders
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2.2.23. Check of piston fingers and rods