1.6.17. Traction coupling device
Use only the device designed for your car.
Every time connect safety chains between the car and the trailer. Cross chains under dyshly the trailer that it did not fall to the road if the coupling device is uncoupled. Establishing chains, follow recommendations of the manufacturer. Leave exactly so much weak point to allow turn with completely turned out wheel. Do not allow chains to be dragged on the road.
Do not connect safety chains to a bumper. Fix them reliably so that they could not be disconnected.
Lighting of the trailer
Make sure that the trailer is equipped with all necessary lamps according to the existing rules. Before trips check their serviceability.
Never connect trailer lamps directly in the car electrical system, it can lead to its damage.
If the trailer brake, precisely follow all instructions of the manufacturer of the trailer. Never be connected to the brake system of the car and do not crash directly into its electrical wiring.
When driving with the trailer the correct pressure in tires is very important. In tractor tires it has to correspond to the plate which is available in the car. If in it pressure at full loading are separately given, tires of the tractor have to be pumped up respectively. Pump up tires of the trailer according to data of his manufacturer.
Check whether your mirrors meet requirements of rules to mirrors of autotractors. If is not present, establish the mirrors demanded by rules before towage.
Loading of the car and trailer
For the correct loading of the car and the trailer it is necessary to be able to determine the full mass and dyshlovy loading of the trailer. The full mass of the trailer is a mass of the trailer and all freight on it. Is defined on automobile scales. Loading from a dyshl is the force directed down attached to a coupling sphere of the car dyshly the trailer. Can decide on the help of usual household scales.
The full mass of the trailer never has to exceed the allowed mass of the trailer according to the registration certificate. Distribute freight in the trailer so that the weight loading дышло would make about 10% of the full mass of the trailer, but the maximum allowed vertical load on the coupling device would not be exceeded. Before a trip it is necessary to determine the full mass of the trailer and loading from a dyshl to be convinced of the correct distribution of freight.
Points of fastening of the traction coupling device of the trailer
|Fig. 1.174. Points of fastening of the traction coupling device of the trailer ("hatch-back")
The most permissible vertical load on the coupling device – 75 kgfs Maximum admissible свес "and" (fig. 1.174, 1.175)
|Fig. 1.175. Points of fastening of the traction coupling device of the trailer ("sedan")
Liana "hatch-back": 975 mm.
Liana "sedan": 1100 mm.
If at the car the drive on 2 wheels and it is correctly fastened, then it can be towed other vehicle (for example, autogiving). The way of a pritsepka depends on what transmission at the car. Choosing a way, follow indications of the table. Observe requirements below concerning towage. Use the corresponding equipment designed for such towages and do not exceed the speed of 90 miles/h.
To avoid accidents and damage of the car, fulfill requirements below at towage. Besides, observe instructions of the authorities of rather external lighting and coupling devices.
Before a trip always connect safety chains between the car and the trailer.
Ways of a hitch
Tow all-wheel drive model with the hung-out wheels – it can irreparably spoil car transmission.
Towing eyes 1 are available in a forward and back part of the car and are used in exclusive situations.
At modification And for access to a forward eye 1 it is necessary to uncover (and). Removing, it is necessary to unhook at first it in the lower part.
For access to a modification eye In it is necessary to remove a cover:
Forward part of the car
Remove the holder (a), unhook the lower part of a cover (b) and remove it.
Back part of the car
Unhook the lower part of a cover (c) and remove it. Towing the car on roads, follow instructions under the heading "Towage".
Do not use towing eyes 1 for towage of another (or yours) the car on the road. They are provided for use in emergency situations, for example, when jamming in dirt or snow.
Do not use the right eye as the towing link will rub about a bumper and can damage it.
The eye 2 is intended only for fastening of the car in transit it. It can break when using in other purposes.
Way of a hitch – And
In front, forward wheels on the cart, back on the earth.
А: cars with the drive on 2 wheels and any transmission.
1. Fix forward wheels on the towing cart according to the instruction of the manufacturer of the cart.
2. Release the emergency brake
Do not tow model with AKP, without hanging out wheels – it can irreparably spoil car transmission.
Way of a hitch – In
В: cars with the drive on 2 wheels and the manual transmission
1. Transfer the gear shifting lever to neutral situation.
2. Turn the ignition key in the provision of "ASS" to switch off the steering lock.
3. Release the emergency brake
The design of a steering column is not calculated on acceptance of the blows which are transferred to it from forward wheels during towage. Before towage always switch off the steering lock.